Schooner was released in 1983 and its agronomic performance is no longer competitive.
Newer varieties also have superior malting quality however some markets retain demand for Schooner, but segregation and marketing opportunities will continue to decline.
Capstan, released in 2004, is a mid to late maturing, very short strawed, feed quality barley with a very high grain yield. Capstan has resistance and moderate tolerance to cereal cyst nematode (CCN) as well as moderate resistance to net form of net blotch but is moderately susceptible to leaf scald, powdery mildew, leaf rust and the spot form of net blotch. Capstan would be suitable for situations where harvest is delayed or where head loss risk is severe and windrowing is not a preferred option.
Fact sheet: Capstan.pdf
Flagship, released in 2006, represents a new benchmark in malting quality with very high malt extract and fermentability combined with low lipoxygenase levels. Flagship is similar in plant type and maturity to Schooner and Sloop, but typically exhibits a 7% yield advantage. Flagship has good early vigour and weed competitiveness, but modest straw strength with lodging resistance similar to Schooner. Flagship is resistant to CCN, tolerant to root lesion nematodes, and offers significantly improved foliar disease resistance.
Fact sheet: Flagship.pdf
Fleet, released in 2006, is an established feed variety with robust agronomic performance. With a long coleoptile, good early vigour and a strong disease resistance profile Fleet is well suited to most production conditions. New strains of net form net blotch with strong virulence on Fleet have emerged so the variety should be monitored closely and sowing on barley stubble avoided.
SloopSA was released in 2002 and has been outclassed by newer varieties with improved malting quality and agronomic performance. Market demand is declining rapidly and limited opportunities to achieve prices above feed grades are expected from the 2012 harvest.
Maritime is a tall early maturing feed variety released in 2004. Maritime was developed specifically for manganese deficient soils. Maritime is the benchmark for grainsize. New virulence of net form of net blotch on this variety has made it at risk in all districts and Maritime should only be grown accompanied by an aggressive fungicide strategy.
Fact sheet: Maritime.pdf
Commander completed malting accreditation in 2009 and is now purchased by most breweries in Australia, South East Asia and China. Commander is the yield benchmark for malting barley and its performance often challenges the leading feed varieties. Commander is resistant to CCN and consistently low screenings.
Finnis, released in 2009, is a hulless line for use in intensive livestock and niche human food applications. Finnis is specifically targeted for higher rainfall regions, has a similar plant type to Skiff but has an earlier maturity date. Finnis is a semi-dwarf plant type with good straw strength and resistance to lodging and head loss. Finnis is resistant to CCN and leaf scald has adult resistance to leaf rust and is moderately susceptible to both the spot form and net form net blotches and powdery mildew.
Navigator completed malting accreditation in March 2012. It is a mid maturing semi-dwarf variety developed principally for the Australian brewing industry. Navigator is resistant to CCN and has strong resistance to scald, SFNB and powdery mildew however it is very susceptible to leaf rust. Production in SA will be focussed in the South East.
Charger (CA412402) is a new malting barley developed by Carlsberg and Heineken Breweries in collaboration with the University of Adelaide. It is mid maturing with good straw strength and resistance to leaf rust and powdery mildew but is very susceptible to net form of net blotch. CA412402 has shown consistently high grain yield particularly in favourable environments. Contract production is exclusively managed by Australian Grain Growers Cooperative.
Compass (WI4593) entered NVT and Barley Australia malting accreditation in 2012. It is medium in height and has mid maturity similar to Commander. Agronomic performance to date suggests this could become the new benchmark. 2015
Fathom is a new feed barley developed by the University of Adelaide. It is early maturing similar to Hindmarsh but is taller and has excellent early vigour and weed competitiveness. Fathom has a very strong disease resistance package although emerging strains of net form net blotch will need to be monitored. Fathom had the highest grain yield of varieties tested in 2012 NVT.